The circumference of a circle is its boundary line or perimeter.
So if r = 8cm (centimeters), C = 2π x 8 = 50.3 cm to 1 d.p. (one decimal place).
On your calculator, press 2, multiply sign (x), pi sign (π), multiply sign (x), 8, equals sign (=) to give 50.26548246 = 50.3 to 1 d.p. - you may need to press a shift or 2nd function button to access π
What about the circumference C of a circle with radius r = 11m (meters)?
C = 2π x 11 = 69.12m to 2 d.p. (two decimal places).
Grab your calculator again and enter 2, multiply sign (x), pi sign (π), multiply sign (x), 11, equals sign (=). The display should show 69.11503838 which is 69.12 to 2 d.p.
First let's consider a circle with diameter d = 2.5cm
Circumference of circle C = π x 2.5 = 7.9cm to 1 d.p.
Your calculator key strokes are pi sign (π), multiply sign (x), 2.5, equals sign (=). The display should show 7.853981634 = 7.9 to 1 d.p.
Next what's the circumference C of a circle with diameter d = 50m?
C = π x 50 = 157.08m to 2 d.p.
Press the pi sign (π) on your calculator, followed by the multiply sign (x), enter 50, then press the equals sign (=). 157.0796327 should be displayed which is 157.08 to 2 d.p.
Say the area A of a circle is 100cm² (square centimeters), then its circumference C = 2π √ (100/π) = 35.4cm to 1 d.p.
Use the left and right bracket signs on your calculator
Enter carefully left bracket sign, 100, divide sign (÷), pi sign (π), right bracket sign, square root sign (√), multiply sign (x), 2, multiply sign (x), pi sign (π), equals sign (=) to give 35.44907702 = 35.4 to 1 d.p.
And if the area A's 11m² (square meters)?
Circumference C = 2π √ (11/π) = 11.76m to 2 d.p.
key strokes on your calculator are the same except enter 11 instead of 100. The display should show 11.75712876 which is
11.76 to 2 d.p.
Hopefully, having worked through the above examples, you now feel confident about calculating the circumference of a circle.
For more on the circle click:
Circumference of a circle