Multiplication tables (times tables)


A multiplication table (times table) typically shows the results of multiplying a whole number between 1 and 12 by each of the whole numbers 1 through 12.


For instance, the 4 times table looks like this



Learning your times tables


You may find a times table chart helpful.


Here's a chart containing the 1 times table through to the 12 times table



Now let's consider the 7 times table. Say you want to work out 7 multiplied by 10.


First find the row marked 7 on the left hand side of the chart. Next find the column marked 10 at the top of the chart. Where this row and column meet you'll find the number 70 - i.e. 7 x 10 = 70.


Alternatively, find the row marked 10 on the left side of the chart and find the column marked 7 at the top of the chart. Again where row and column meet you'll find 70.


Another example


Now take a look at the 12 times table and work out 12 multiplied by 5.


Either


find the row marked 12 on the left hand side of the chart and the column marked 5 at the top of the chart


or


find the row marked 5 on the left side of the chart and the column marked 12 at the top of the chart.


In both cases, you should find the number 60 where row and column meet - i.e. 12 x 5 = 60.


Have a go!


Using the chart above, try to work out the following


6 x 8          2 x 9          11 x 3          8 x 10


In each case, find the relevant row and column and where they meet. Take care when reading across the row and down the column to make sure you get the right answer!


The correct answers in order are

                          48             18                33                80


How did you do?


Learn your multiplication tables off by heart


With some practice, you'll soon learn your times tables.


And after a while you may find you're able to picture the times table chart and multiply the numbers in your head!


This is a really useful skill to acquire - it will save you time in the long run and help enormously when it comes to multiplying larger numbers.


For more on multiplication click:

Math multiplication

Multiplying fractions


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